Question: Are you familiar with the differences between a Hybrid, Plug-In Hybrid, or All Electric vehicle? Is your answer no? Well it’s time to put all curiosity aside and find out just what Ford Electrification is all about. Ford has been perfecting electric vehicle technology for more than a decade, with the introduction of their first production of Hybrid vehicle in 2005. Today, Ford is creating the future of electric vehicles with its development of state-of-the-art-plug-in hybrid and all-electric vehicles.
Ford offers three types of electrified vehicles. Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Plug-in Electric Vehicle and last but not least, the All-Electric Vehicle. Hybrid vehicles are flexible for a wide range of customer uses while delivering excellent fuel economy. No need to plug-in, just gas up and go. Next, are plug-in hybrid vehicles which have the ability to operate like an all-electric for short distances, or as a hybrid for longer trips. Lastly, the All-Electric vehicles which do not use one drop of fuel. They are ideal for customers with shorter, predictable daily trips.
The hybrid vehicle is powered by a gasoline engine and electric traction motor with a 1.4kWh lithium-ion battery. The battery is charged when running due to the gasoline engine charging it. Also, energy is captured from the Regenerative Braking to charge the battery so no need or provision for plug-in charging. The hybrid vehicle operates harmoniously to manage power from the gasoline engine and electric traction motor to maximize fuel efficiency. The gasoline engine shuts off when it is not needed to help reduce both emissions and fuel consumption. Ford offers two hybrid vehicles, The 2013 Fusion Hybrid and the 2013 C-MAX Hybrid. The combined fuel economy is 47MPG, driving range is 571 miles, EV top speed is 62 mph, and the fuel cost is $1,150 annually.
The plug-in hybrid vehicles are powered by a gasoline engine and an electric traction motor with a 7.6 kWh lithium-ion battery. The battery is charged by plugging it into a 120-volt outlet or 240-volt charging station to fully charge the battery for optimal performance. However, charging also occurs by the gas engine and energy captured from the Regenerative Braking. The plug-in operation is capable of higher speeds and longer periods on battery pack-only power compared to a normal hybrid. It can operate in all-electric EV mode until plug-in power is depleted; it then switches to a normal hybrid operation. The gasoline engine shuts off when it is not needed to help reduce both emissions and fuel consumption. Ford offers 2 plug-in hybrids as well: The 2013 C-MAX Energi and then the 2013 Fusion Energi. The combined fuel economy is 100 MPGe (which means miles per gallon equivalent) EV mode, and 43 MPG hybrid mode. The driving range is 21 miles EV mode and 620 total miles. EV top speed is 85mph, and the fuel cost is $950 annually.
At last the all-electric vehicle is powered by an electric traction motor with a 23 kWh lithium-ion battery. The battery is charged by plugging it into a standard 120-volt outlet or 240-volt charging station. It also benefits from the Regenerative Braking as well. The all-electric vehicle only operates in all-electric mode since there is no gas engine and no oil changes needed. As of now the 2013 Focus Electric is the only model that is an all-electric vehicle. The combined economy is 105 MPGe, driving range is 76 miles, EV top speed is 84 mph, and the fuel cost is $600 annually.
Hopefully all of the questions or information you’ve wanted to know about Ford’s electric vehicles and technology has been answered. Have you been wanting to test drive one of these vehicles? Come by our location and mark that off of your checklist. If you have more questions, please don’t hesitate on stopping by or calling us at (804) 746-2000.
“Ford Motor Company. Plug Into Ford. Detriot, Michigan: October 2012. Print”